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This e-resource contains full text for hundreds of science encyclopedias, reference books, periodicals, and other reliable sources. In addition, Science Reference Center includes more than 280,000 high-quality science images from sources such as UPI, Getty, NASA, National Geographic and the Nature Picture Library.
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"Began a new era in science by employing the technique of X-ray crystallography to determine the molecular structures of several large biochemical molecules. Hodgkin was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in chemistry for determining the structure of both penicillin and vitamin B12."
"His 1954 Nobel Prize for chemistry was given in recognition of his work on the nature of the chemical bond, and his 1962 Nobel Prize for peace was awarded for his efforts to bring about an end to the atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons."
"In 1958 he received the award for determining the arrangement of the amino acids that make up insulin, becoming the first person to thusly identify a protein molecule. In 1980 Sanger shared the award with two other scientists, being cited for his work in determining the sequences of nucleic acids in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules."
"His theories would lead to the creation of the study of chemistry...his work in meteorology led him to speculate about the behavior of gases, and he eventually arrived at the idea that all elements, including gases, are made up of tiny particles that have the same weight and are in fact identical in each element."
"Established the practice of accurate measurement that underlies all valid quantitative experiments. He also developed the first rational system for naming chemical compounds--a system that is still used today."
"Pasteur's work on tartaric and racemic acids led to his first major discovery and gave an impressive boost to his career. Tartaric and racemic acids had the same chemical composition and structure, differing only in how they affected polarized light."
"Robert Robinson worked on many types of chemical problems, but he received the 1947 Nobel Prize for his work with the alkaloids, complex nitrogen-containing natural compounds that often exhibit high biological activity."
"Jennifer Doudna is an American biochemist and professor at the University of California, Berkeley. Her work, especially her collaboration with microbiologist Emmanuelle Charpentier, has led to revolutionary techniques in the field of genome editing."